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Biobased Monoliths for Adenovirus Purification
- Fernandes, Cláudia
S. M., Gonçalves, Bianca, Sousa, Margarida, Martins, Duarte L., Barroso, Telma, Pina, Ana Sofia, Peixoto, Cristina, Aguiar-Ricardo, Ana, Roque, A. Cecília A.
- ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015 v.7 no.12 pp. 6605-6612
- Adenoviridae, agarose, alcohols, anion exchange, biodegradability, biopolymers, bioprocessing, chitosan, chlorides, dextran, freezing, gene therapy, ligands, permeability, polyvinyl alcohol, porous media, serotypes, sustainable technology, temperature, vaccine development, virion
- Adenoviruses are important platforms for vaccine development and vectors for gene therapy, increasing the demand for high titers of purified viral preparations. Monoliths are macroporous supports regarded as ideal for the purification of macromolecular complexes, including viral particles. Although common monoliths are based on synthetic polymers as methacrylates, we explored the potential of biopolymers processed by clean technologies to produce monoliths for adenovirus purification. Such an approach enables the development of disposable and biodegradable matrices for bioprocessing. A total of 20 monoliths were produced from different biopolymers (chitosan, agarose, and dextran), employing two distinct temperatures during the freezing process (−20 °C and −80 °C). The morphological and physical properties of the structures were thoroughly characterized. The monoliths presenting higher robustness and permeability rates were further analyzed for the nonspecific binding of Adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) preparations. The matrices presenting lower nonspecific Ad5 binding were further functionalized with quaternary amine anion-exchange ligand glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride hydrochloride by two distinct methods, and their performance toward Ad5 purification was assessed. The monolith composed of chitosan and poly(vinyl) alcohol (50:50) prepared at −80 °C allowed 100% recovery of Ad5 particles bound to the support. This is the first report of the successful purification of adenovirus using monoliths obtained from biopolymers processed by clean technologies.