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Application of Organophosphonic Acids by One-Step Supercritical CO2 on 1D and 2D Semiconductors: Toward Enhanced Electrical and Sensing Performances

Bhartia, Bhavesh, Bacher, Nadav, Jayaraman, Sundaramurthy, Khatib, Salam, Song, Jing, Guo, Shifeng, Troadec, Cedric, Puniredd, Sreenivasa Reddy, Srinivasan, Madapusi Palavedu, Haick, Hossam
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015 v.7 no.27 pp. 14885-14895
acids, carbon dioxide, electronics, nanowires, photovoltaic cells, semiconductors, silicon
Formation of dense monolayers with proven atmospheric stability using simple fabrication conditions remains a major challenge for potential applications such as (bio)sensors, solar cells, surfaces for growth of biological cells, and molecular, organic, and plastic electronics. Here, we demonstrate a single-step modification of organophosphonic acids (OPA) on 1D and 2D structures using supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO₂) as a processing medium, with high stability and significantly shorter processing times than those obtained by the conventional physisorption-chemisorption method (2.5 h vs 48–60 h).The advantages of this approach in terms of stability and atmospheric resistivity are demonstrated on various 2D materials, such as indium–tin-oxide (ITO) and 2D Si surfaces. The advantage of the reported approach on electronic and sensing devices is demonstrated by Si nanowire field effect transistors (SiNW FETs), which have shown a few orders of magnitude higher electrical and sensing performances, compared with devices obtained by conventional approaches. The compatibility of the reported approach with various materials and its simple implementation with a single reactor makes it easily scalable for various applications.