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A quantitative headspace–solid-phase microextraction–gas chromatography–flame ionization detector method to analyze short chain free fatty acids in rat feces
- Fiorini, Dennis, Boarelli, Maria Chiara, Gabbianelli, Rosita, Ballini, Roberto, Pacetti, Deborah
- Analytical biochemistry 2016 v.508 pp. 12-14
- acids, ammonium sulfate, detection limit, feces, free fatty acids, gas chromatography, ionization, quantitative analysis, rats, salting, sodium phosphate, sodium sulfate, solid phase microextraction
- This study sought to develop and validate a quantitative method to analyze short chain free fatty acids (SCFAs) in rat feces by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography (SPME–GC) using the salt mixture ammonium sulfate and sodium dihydrogen phosphate as salting out agent. Conditioning and extraction time, linearity, limits of detection and quantification, repeatability, and recovery were evaluated. The proposed method allows quantification with improved sensitivity as compared with other methods exploiting SPME–GC. The method has been applied to analyze rat fecal samples, quantifying acetic, propionic, isobutyric, butyric, isopentanoic, pentanoic, and hexanoic acids.