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Cornuside inhibits mast cell-mediated allergic response by down-regulating MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways

Li, Liangchang, Jin, Guangyu, Jiang, Jingzhi, Zheng, Mingyu, Jin, Yan, Lin, Zhenhua, Li, Guangzhao, Choi, Yunho, Yan, Guanghai
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2016 v.473 pp. 408-414
Western blotting, anaphylaxis, calcium, cell viability, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, histamine, humans, immunoglobulin E, interleukin-6, intravenous injection, mast cells, mitogen-activated protein kinase, rats, secretion, signal transduction, transcription factor NF-kappa B, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
The present study is to investigate the effect of cornuside on mast cell-mediated allergic response, as well as its possible mechanisms of action.To test the anti-allergic effects of cornuside in vivo, local extravasation was induced by local injection of anti-dinitrophenyl immunoglobulin E (IgE) followed by intravenous antigenic challenge in passive cutaneous anaphylaxis model rats. Mast cell viability was determined using MTT assay. Histamine content from rat peritoneal mast cells was measured by the radioenzymatic method. To investigate the mechanisms by which cornuside affects the reduction of histamine release, the levels of calcium uptake were measured. To examine whether cornuside affects the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, Western blotting and ELISA were carried out.Oral administration of cornuside inhibited passive cutaneous anaphylaxis in rats. Presence of cornuside attenuated IgE-induced histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells. The inhibitory effect of cornuside on histamine release was mediated by the modulation of intracellular calcium. In addition, cornuside decreased phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and calcium ionophore A23187-stimulated production and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6 in human mast cells. The inhibitory effect of cornuside on pro-inflammatory cytokines was dependent on nuclear factor-κB and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase.The present study provides evidence that cornuside inhibits mast cell-derived inflammatory allergic reactions by blocking histamine release and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression. Furthermore, in vivo and in vitro anti-allergic effects of cornuside suggest a possible therapeutic application of this agent in inflammatory allergic diseases.