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Thin Films Formed from Conjugated Polymers with Ionic, Water-Soluble Backbones
- Voortman, Thomas
P., Chiechi, Ryan C.
- ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015 v.7 no.51 pp. 28006-28012
- hydrophilicity, hydrophobicity, polymers, tetrahydrofuran
- This paper compares the morphologies of films of conjugated polymers in which the backbone (main chain) and pendant groups are varied between ionic/hydrophilic and aliphatic/hydrophobic. We observe that conjugated polymers in which the pendant groups and backbone are matched, either ionic–ionic or hydrophobic–hydrophobic, form smooth, structured, homogeneous films from water (ionic) or tetrahydrofuran (hydrophobic). Mismatched conjugated polymers, by contrast, form inhomogeneous films with rough topologies. The polymers with ionic backbone chains are conjugated polyions (conjugated polymers with closed-shell charges in the backbone), which are semiconducting materials with tunable bad-gaps, not unlike uncharged conjugated polymers.