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Fabrication of High-Performance Magnetic Lysozyme-Imprinted Microsphere and Its NIR-Responsive Controlled Release Property
- Chen, Jinxing, Lei, Shan, Xie, Yunyun, Wang, Mozhen, Yang, Jun, Ge, Xuewu
- ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015 v.7 no.51 pp. 28606-28615
- Escherichia coli, adsorption, bioactive properties, chemical elements, egg albumen, iron oxides, lysozyme, magnetic materials, nanoparticles, polymers, silica, surface area, thermodynamics
- The preparation of efficient and practical biomacromolecules imprinted polymer materials is still a challenging task because of the spatial hindrance caused by the large size of template and target molecules in the imprinting and recognition process. Herein, we provided a novel pathway to coat a NIR-light responsive lysozyme-imprinted polydopamine (PDA) layer on a fibrous SiO₂ (F-SiO₂) microsphere grown up from a magnetic Fe₃O₄ core nanoparticle. The magnetic core–shell structured lysozyme-imprinted Fe₃O₄@F-SiO₂@PDA microspheres (MIP-lysozyme) can be easily separated by a magnet and have a high saturation adsorption capacity of lysozyme of 700 mg/g within 30 min because of the high surface area of 570 m²/g and the mesopore size of 12 nm of the Fe₃O₄@F-SiO₂ support. The MIP-lysozyme microspheres also show an excellent selective adsorption of lysozyme (IF > 4). The binding thermodynamic parameters studied by ITC proves that the lysozyme should be restricted by the well-defined 3D structure of MIP-lysozyme microspheres. The MIP-lysozyme can extract lysozyme efficiently from real egg white. Owing to the efficient NIR light photothermal effect of PDA layer, the MIP-lysozyme microspheres show the controlled release property triggered by NIR laser. The released lysozyme molecules still maintain good bioactivity, which can efficiently decompose E. coli. Therefore, this work provides a novel strategy to build practical NIR-light-responsive MIPs for the extraction and application of biomacromolecules.