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Cosensitization of D-A-π-A Quinoxaline Organic Dye: Efficiently Filling the Absorption Valley with High Photovoltaic Efficiency

Pei, Kai, Wu, Yongzhen, Li, Hui, Geng, Zhiyuan, Tian, He, Zhu, Wei-Hong
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2015 v.7 no.9 pp. 5296-5304
absorption, chemical structure, dyes, thiophene, volatile organic compounds, wavelengths
In the efficient cosensitization, the pure organic sensitizers with high molecular extinction coefficients and long wavelength response are highly preferable since the dye loading amount for each dye in cosensitization is decreased with respect to single dye sensitization. A D-A-π-A featured quinoxaline organic sensitizer IQ21 is specifically designed. The high conjugation building block of 4H-cyclopenta[2,1-b:3,4-b′]dithiophene (CPDT) is introduced as the π bridge, instead of the traditional thiophene unit, especially in realizing high molecular extinction coefficients (up to 66 600 M–¹ cm–¹) and extending the light response wavelength. With respect to the reference dye IQ4, the slightly lower efficiency of IQ21 (9.03%) arises from the decrease of VOC, which offsets the gain in JSC. While cosensitized with a smaller D-π-A dye S2, the efficiency in IQ21 is further improved to 10.41% (JSC = 19.8 mA cm–², VOC = 731 mV, FF = 0.72). The large improvement in efficiency is attributed to the well-matched molecular structures and loading amounts of both dyes in the cosensitization system. We also demonstrated that coabsorbent dye S2 can distinctly compensate the inherent drawbacks of IQ21, not only enhancing the response intensity of IPCE, making up the absorption defects around low wavelength region of IPCE, but also repressing the charge recombination rate to some extent.