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Facile Hydrothermal Synthesis of Fe3O4/C Core–Shell Nanorings for Efficient Low-Frequency Microwave Absorption

Wu, Tong, Liu, Yun, Zeng, Xiang, Cui, Tingting, Zhao, Yanting, Li, Yana, Tong, Guoxiu
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016 v.8 no.11 pp. 7370-7380
Ostwald ripening, absorption, carbon, carbonization, glucose, impedance, iron, nanosheets
Using elliptical iron glycolate nanosheets as precursors, elliptical Fe₃O₄/C core–shell nanorings (NRs) [25 ± 10 nm in wall thickness, 150 ± 40 nm in length, and 1.6 ± 0.3 in long/short axis ratio] are synthesized via a one-pot hydrothermal route. The surface-poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP)-protected-glucose reduction/carbonization/Ostwald ripening mechanism is responsible for Fe₃O₄/C NR formation. Increasing the glucose/precursor molar ratio can enhance carbon contents, causing a linear decrease in saturation magnetization (Mₛ) and coercivity (Hc). The Fe₃O₄/C NRs reveal enhanced low-frequency microwave absorption because of improvements to their permittivity and impedance matching. A maximum RL value of −55.68 dB at 3.44 GHz is achieved by Fe₃O₄/C NRs with 11.95 wt % C content at a volume fraction of 17 vol %. Reflection loss (RL) values (≤−20 dB) are observed at 2.11–10.99 and 16.5–17.26 GHz. Our research provides insights into the microwave absorption mechanism of elliptical Fe₃O₄/C core–shell NRs. Findings indicate that ring-like and core–shell nanostructures are promising structures for devising new and effective microwave absorbers.