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Dual-Mode Luminescence Modulation upon Visible-Light-Driven Photochromism with High Contrast for Inorganic Luminescence Ferroelectrics

Zhang, Qiwei, Zheng, Xuewen, Sun, Haiqin, Li, Wenqing, Wang, Xusheng, Hao, Xihong, An, Shengli
ACS applied materials 2016 v.8 no.7 pp. 4789-4794
bismuth, color, decolorization, irradiation, luminescence, photonics, solar radiation, wavelengths
A luminescence ferroelectric oxide, Na₀.₅Bi₂.₅Nb₂O₉ (NBN), system with bismuth layer structure introduced by lanthanide ion (Er³⁺) has been demonstrated to exhibit reversible, high-contrast luminescence modulation (95%) and excellent fatigue resistance based on visible-light-driven photochromism (407 nm or sunlight). The coloration and decoloration process can be effectively read out by dual modes, upconversion and downshifting, and reversibly converted between green and dark gray by alternating visible light or sunlight irradiation and thermal stimulus. The luminescence modulation degree upon photochromic reactions is strongly dependent upon irradiation light wavelength and irradiation time. After undergoing several cycles, there are no significant degradations, showing high reversibility. Considering its high-contrast photoswitchable luminescence feature and intrinsic ferroelectricity of NBN host, NBN-based multifunctional materials can be suggested as a promising candidate for new potentials in photonic storage and optoelectronic multifunctional devices.