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Use of High Resolution Mass Spectrometry for Analysis of Polymeric Excipients in Drug Delivery Formulations

Perez Hurtado, Pilar, Lam, Pui Yiu, Kilgour, David, Bristow, Anthony, McBride, Eileen, O’Connor, Peter B.
Analytical chemistry 2012 v.84 no.20 pp. 8579-8586
bioavailability, drugs, food additives, mass spectrometry, pharmacokinetics, polysorbates, solubility
Two polymeric excipients, typically used in enabling drug delivery approaches, are Gelucire 44/14 (a product of Gattefosse s.a, St Priest, France) and polysorbate 80; these are known to improve solubility of poorly water-soluble drugs and, hence, increase their effective bioavailability. In addition to the use of Gelucire 44/14 and polysorbate 80 as excipients in drugs, they are also widely used as cosmetic and food additives. In general, complex structures and compositions of drug excipients impact performance of the formulation in vivo and consequently affect drug absorption. Therefore, a comparison between excipients from different suppliers and batches to batch would provide an indication of the impact on drug product performance and also the study of the effectiveness of the system and any problems associated with the formulation. In this study, high resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTICR MS) is used to compare two different batches of Gelucire 44/14 and polysorbate 80. With the high resolving power of FTICR MS, it was possible to differentiate between batches of excipients from differences in the identified components. The improved resolution offered by FTICR MS allowed assignment of four polymeric series differences in the two batches of polysorbate 80 and the presence of one compound and three polymeric series differences in the two batches of Gelucire 44/14. The increase in the number of components assigned in the excipients batch using FTICR-MS, compared to the numbers previously assigned by lower resolution TOF MS, underlines the importance of high resolution techniques in analysis of highly complex mixtures.