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Hydrolysis of whey lactose by immobilized β-galactosidase in a bioreactor with a spirally wound membrane

Vasileva, Nastya, Ivanov, Yavor, Damyanova, Stanka, Kostova, Iliana, Godjevargova, Tzonka
International journal of biological macromolecules 2016 v.82 pp. 339-346
batch systems, beta-galactosidase, bioreactors, enzyme activity, glutaraldehyde, hydrolysis, immobilized enzymes, lactose, pH, polypropylenes, syrups, whey
The β-galactosidase was covalently immobilized onto a modified polypropylene membrane, using glutaraldehyde. The optimal conditions for hydrolysis of lactose (4.7%) by immobilized β-galactosidase in a batch process were determined 13.6U enzyme activity, 40°C, pH 6.8 and 10h. The obtained degree of hydrolysis was compared with results received by a free enzyme. It was found, that the lactose hydrolysis by an immobilized enzyme was 1.6 times more effective than the lactose hydrolysis by a free enzyme. It was determined that the stability of the immobilized enzyme was 2 times higher in comparison with the stability of free enzyme. The obtained immobilized system β-galactosidase/polypropylene membrane was applied to produce glucose–galactose syrup from waste whey. The whey characteristics and the different preliminary treatments of the whey were investigated. Then the whey lactose hydrolysis in a bioreactor by an immobilized enzyme on a spirally wound membrane was performed. The optimal membrane surface and the optimal flow rate of the whey through the membrane module were determined, respectively 100cm2 and 1.0mLmin−1. After 10h, the degree of lactose hydrolysis was increased to 91%. The operation stability was studied. After 20th cycle the yield of bioreactor was 69.7%.