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Anti-diabetic activity of recombinant irisin in STZ-induced insulin-deficient diabetic mice

Duan, Huikun, Ma, Baicheng, Ma, Xiaofeng, Wang, Haisong, Ni, Zaizhong, Wang, Bin, Li, Xiaodan, Jiang, Pingzhe, Umar, Muhammad, Li, Minggang
International journal of biological macromolecules 2016 v.84 pp. 457-463
food intake, energy, blood serum, body weight, blood glucose, glycemic effect, gene expression, mice, genes, insulin, intraperitoneal injection, sodium chloride, diabetes, oral administration, glucose tolerance, animal disease models
In order to investigate the hypoglycemic effects and potential mechanism of recombinant irisin on diabetes, STZ-induced diabetic mice were established and treated with irisin. The results showed that daily water and food intake, and blood glucose significantly decreased after various concentrations of recombinant irisin treatment by intraperitoneal injection, of which 1.0mg/kg was the optimal dose for lowering blood glucose. However, the body weight exhibited no significant difference during the treatment within groups, although the 0.9% NaCl treated group showed a trend of decreased body weight and the irisin treated groups showed a tendency of increasing weight. The oral glucose tolerance was improved, and serum insulin and circulating irisin content were significantly elevated in diabetic mice after 1.0mg/kg irisin-injection treatment, compared to diabetic mice treated with 0.9% NaCl. 1.0mg/kg irisin-injection also significantly increased the expression of energy and metabolism-related genes. In addition, oral administration of irisin lowered the blood glucose in diabetic mice. Our data suggested that irisin could lower blood glucose in insulin-deficient diabetic mice, to some extent, through irisin-mediated induction of energy and metabolic genes expression. These observations laid a foundation for the development of irisin-based therapy.