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A galectin related protein from Oplegnathus fasciatus: Genomic, molecular, transcriptional features and biological responses against microbial pathogens
- Thulasitha, William Shanthakumar, Whang, Ilson, Umasuthan, Navaneethaiyer, Kang, Hyun-Sil, Mothishri, M.S., Lee, Seongdo, Qiang, Wan, Noh, Jae Koo, Lee, Jehee
- Developmental and comparative immunology 2016 v.56 pp. 13-24
- Edwardsiella tarda, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Miamiensis avidus, Oplegnathus fasciatus, Streptococcus iniae, Vibrio tapetis, amino acids, bacteria, bacterial artificial chromosomes, bream, carbohydrate binding, complement, complementary DNA, exons, gene expression, genomic libraries, gills, introns, lectins, messenger RNA, open reading frames, parasites, pathogens, phagocytosis, phylogeny, receptors, sequence alignment, signal peptide, spleen, transcription (genetics)
- Galectins, a family of β-galactoside-binding lectins, are pattern recognition receptors that recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns and are subsequently involved in the opsonization, phagocytosis, complement activation, and killing of microbes. Here, we report a novel galectin related protein (GRP) identified from rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus), designated OfGal like B. The cDNA of OfGal like B is 517 bp with an open reading frame (ORF) of 438 bp, encoding 145 amino acids, with a single carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD). However, only two of the seven critical residues responsible for carbohydrate recognition were identified in the CRD. There was no signal peptide identified in the OfGal like B protein. The genomic structure of OfGal like B, determined using a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) genomic library, consists of four exons and three introns. Homology assessment, multiple sequence alignment, and phylogenetic analysis indicated that OfGal like B is an evolutionarily conserved lectin that is closely related to the proto-type galectins. OfGal like B mRNA was constitutively expressed in a wide range of tissues in healthy rock breams. When challenged with bacterial or viral stimulants, OfGal like B was up-regulated in the gills and spleen of rock breams, indicating that it likely plays an important role during bacterial and viral infections. Furthermore, recombinant OfGal like B (rOfGal like B) lacked carbohydrate-binding activity but was able to recognize and agglutinate bacteria, including Streptococcus iniae, Listeria monocytogenes, Vibrio tapetis, Escherichia coli, and Edwardsiella tarda, and a ciliate parasite, Miamiensis avidus. These results collectively suggest that OfGal like B is involved in pathogen recognition and plays a significant role(s) in the innate defense mechanism of rock bream.