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A novel siglec (CgSiglec-1) from the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) with broad recognition spectrum and inhibitory activity to apoptosis, phagocytosis and cytokine release

Conghui Liu, Shuai Jiang, Mengqiang Wang, Lingling Wang, Hao Chen, Jiachao Xu, Zhao Lv, Linsheng Song
Developmental and comparative immunology 2016 v.61 pp. 136-144
Crassostrea gigas, Vibrio splendidus, amino acids, apoptosis, cell membranes, complementary DNA, cytokines, dose response, gene expression, genes, hemocytes, immune response, immunoglobulins, lectins, lipopolysaccharides, messenger RNA, oysters, palps, peptidoglycans, phagocytosis, polyclonal antibodies, polypeptides, sequence homology, sialic acids, signal transduction, vertebrates
Sialic acid binding immunoglobulin-type lectin (siglec) belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF), which acts as regulator involved in glycan recognition and signal transduction in the immune and nervous systems. In the present study, a siglec gene (designated CgSiglec-1) was characterized from the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. The cDNA of CgSiglec-1 was of 1251 bp encoding a predicted polypeptide of 416 amino acids. CgSiglec-1 was composed of two I-set immunoglobulin (Ig) domains, one transmembrane (TM) domain and two ITIM motifs, sharing a sequence similarity with vertebrate CD22 homologs. The mRNA expression of CgSiglec-1 could be detected in all the selected tissues, with the highest level in hemocytes and labial palps. The confocal analysis revealed that CgSiglec-1 mainly distributed on the cytoplasmic membrane of the oyster hemocytes. In addition, the mRNA transcripts of CgSiglec-1 in hemocytes increased significantly (4.29-fold to that of control group, p < 0.05) after Vibrio splendidus stimulation. The recombinant CgSiglec-1 protein (rCgSiglec-1) could bind to poly sialic acid (pSIAS), lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and peptidoglycan (PGN) in a dose-dependent manner. The blockade of CgSiglec-1 by specific polyclonal antibodies could enhance the LPS-induced cell apoptosis, phagocytosis towards V. splendidus and the release of cytokines, such as CgTNF-1, CgIFNLP and CgIL-17. The results collectively indicated that CgSiglec-1 could act as a bridge molecule between invader recognition and signal transduction cascade, and modulate the immune response by inhibiting various important processes of immunity in oyster.