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Isolation of acetic, propionic and butyric acid-forming bacteria from biogas plants

Cibis, Katharina Gabriela, Gneipel, Armin, König, Helmut
Journal of biotechnology 2016 v.220 pp. 51-63
Bacillus thermoamylovorans, Clostridium aminovalericum, Clostridium cochlearium, Clostridium tetani, DNA primers, Dendrosporobacter quercicolus, Selenomonas, Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum, acetic acid, amino acids, bacteria, biogas, butyric acid, carbon, cattle, corn silage, ethanol, fermenters, glucose, glycerol, lactic acid, nucleotide sequences, pig manure, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, ribosomal RNA, succinic acid, Germany
In this study, acetic, propionic and butyric acid-forming bacteria were isolated from thermophilic and mesophilic biogas plants (BGP) located in Germany. The fermenters were fed with maize silage and cattle or swine manure. Furthermore, pressurized laboratory fermenters digesting maize silage were sampled. Enrichment cultures for the isolation of acid-forming bacteria were grown in minimal medium supplemented with one of the following carbon sources: Na+-dl-lactate, succinate, ethanol, glycerol, glucose or a mixture of amino acids. These substrates could be converted by the isolates to acetic, propionic or butyric acid. In total, 49 isolates were obtained, which belonged to the phyla Firmicutes, Tenericutes or Thermotogae. According to 16S rRNA gene sequences, most isolates were related to Clostridium sporosphaeroides, Defluviitoga tunisiensis and Dendrosporobacter quercicolus. Acetic, propionic or butyric acid were produced in cultures of isolates affiliated to Bacillus thermoamylovorans, Clostridium aminovalericum, Clostridium cochlearium/Clostridium tetani, C. sporosphaeroides, D. quercicolus, Proteiniborus ethanoligenes, Selenomonas bovis and Tepidanaerobacter sp. Isolates related to Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum produced acetic, butyric and lactic acid, and isolates related to D. tunisiensis formed acetic acid. Specific primer sets targeting 16S rRNA gene sequences were designed and used for real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). The isolates were physiologically characterized and their role in BGP discussed.