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A bone morphogenetic protein ligand and receptors in mud crab: A potential role in the ovarian development

Shu, Ling, Yang, Yanan, Huang, Huiyang, Ye, Haihui
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 2016 v.434 pp. 99-107
RNA interference, Scylla paramamosain, autocrine signaling, bone morphogenetic proteins, crabs, in situ hybridization, ligands, messenger RNA, oocytes, ovarian development, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, receptors, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, tissues, vertebrates, vitellogenin
In vertebrates, bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play an important role in various biological processes. However, the function of BMPs in crustaceans is still unknown. In our study, a ligand (BMP7) and two receptors (Sp-BMPRIB and Sp-BMPRII) are cloned firstly in the mud crab, Scylla paramamosain. The qRT-PCR demonstrated that both ligand and receptors were expressed in various tissues, especially in ovary. The expression of BMPRs mRNA increased along the ovarian development, while BMP7 had an opposite tendency. In-situ hybridization revealed that Sp-BMPRIB and Sp-BMPRII were expressed in both oocytes and follicle cells, whereas Sp-BMP7 was exclusively localized in follicle cells. RNAi experiments showed that the expression levels of Smad1 and vitellogenin receptor declined rapidly after BMPRs were silenced. Based on these data, we hypothesized that in S. paramamosain, BMP7 and BMPRs had impact on the ovarian development, presumably via the autocrine/paracrine way.