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Irradiance and Temperature Influence the Bactericidal Effect of 460-Nanometer Light-Emitting Diodes on Salmonella in Orange Juice

Ghate, Vinayak, Kumar, Amit, Zhou, Weibiao, Yuk, Hyun-Gyun
Journal of food protection 2016 v.79 no.4 pp. 553-560
Salmonella enterica, Weibull statistics, antibacterial properties, bacteria, color, light intensity, lighting, models, orange juice, pasteurization, retail marketing, risk, salmonellosis, serotypes, temperature
Blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have been known to produce an antibacterial effect on various pathogenic bacteria. To extend this application to foods, blue 460-nm LEDs were evaluated for their antibacterial effect on Salmonella in orange juice. A cocktail of Salmonella enterica serovars Gaminara, Montevideo, Newport, Typhimurium, and Saintpaul was inoculated into pasteurized orange juice and illuminated with 460-nm LEDs at irradiances of 92, 147.7, and 254.7 mW/cm2 and temperatures of 4, 12, and 20°C. Subsequently, linear, Weibull, and Gompertz models were fitted to the resultant survival curves. The color of the orange juice during illumination was also monitored. It was observed that irradiance and temperature both influenced the inactivation of Salmonella, which ranged from 2 to 5 log CFU/ml. The inactivation kinetics was best described by the Weibull model. An irradiance of 92 mW/cm2 and temperatures of 12 and 20°C were the most bactericidal combinations, with D-values of 1,580 and 2,013 J/cm2, respectively. Significant color changes were also observed after illumination; these changes could be minimized by choosing appropriate irradiance and temperature. These results demonstrate the potential of 460-nm LEDs for the preservation of fruit juices in the retail markets and their utility in minimizing the risk of salmonellosis.