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Effect of Iron on Growth and Ultrastructure of Acaryochloris marina
- Swingley, Wesley D., Hohmann-Marriott, Martin F., Le Olson, Tien, Blankenship, Robert E.
- Applied and environmental microbiology 2005 v.71 no.12 pp. 8606-8610
- autotrophs, chlorophyll, iron, photosystem II, pigments, ultrastructure
- The cyanobacterial genus Acaryochloris is the only known group of oxygenic phototrophs that contain chlorophyll d rather than chlorophyll a as the major photosynthetic pigment. Studies on this organism are still in their earliest stages, and biochemical analysis has rapidly outpaced growth optimization. We have investigated culture growth of the major strains of Acaryochloris marina (MBIC11017 and MBIC10697) by using several published and some newly developed growth media. It was determined that heavy addition of iron significantly enhanced culture longevity. These high-iron cultures showed an ultrastructure with thylakoid stacks that resemble traditional cyanobacteria (unlike previous studies). These cultures also show a novel reversal in the pigment ratios of the photosystem II signature components chlorophyll a and pheophytin a, as opposed to those in previous studies.