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Evaluation of Animal Dungs and Organomineral Fertilizer for the Control of Meloidogyne incognita on Sweet Potato

Osunlola, Oluremi Solomon, Fawole, Bamidele
International journal of agronomy 2015 v.2015 no.725363 pp. 5
Meloidogyne incognita, analysis of variance, carbofuran, cattle manure, feces, fertilizers, field experimentation, goats, horse manure, nematicides, nematode control, pathogens, pollution, poultry, reproduction, root-knot nematodes, soil, sweet potatoes, vines
Root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita , is an important animate pathogen causing major damage and severe reductions in the growth, yield, and quality of sweet potato. Nematicides are expensive and their application also causes environmental pollution. A field experiment was therefore conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of poultry dung (10 or 20 t/ha), cow dung (10 or 20 t/ha), horse dung (10 or 20 t/ha), goat dung (10 or 20 t/ha), organomineral fertilizer (2 or 4 t/ha), and carbofuran (3 kg a.i/ha) in the management of M. incognita on sweet potato using a randomized complete block design. The unamended plots served as control. Data were analysed using ANOVA (p ≤ 0.05). All organic materials and carbofuran significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduced nematode reproduction and root damage compared with control. Poultry dung (10 and 20 t/ha) and carbofuran were, however, more efficient in nematode control than other organic materials. Sweet potato plants that were grown on soil treated with organomineral fertilizer had the highest mean number of vines and fresh shoot weight, while poultry dung improved sweet potato quality and yield. It is therefore recommended that the use of poultry dung be employed in combination with other nematode control strategies to achieve sustainable, economic, and environment-friendly nematode management.