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A composite microbial agent containing bacterial and fungal species: Optimization of the preparation process, analysis of characteristics, and use in the purification for volatile organic compounds

Cheng, Zhuowei, Lu, Lichao, Kennes, Christian, Ye, Jiexu, Yu, Jianming, Chen, Dongzhi, Chen, Jianmeng
Bioresource technology 2016 v.218 pp. 751-760
acetates, activated carbon, alpha-pinene, bacteria, fungi, gases, microbial activity, pollutants, sawdust, starvation, volatile organic compounds, wheat bran, xylene
Proper preservation of microbial activity over long periods poses a considerable challenge for pollutant biopurification. A composite microbial agent, mainly composed of bacteria and fungi isolated by the current research team, was constructed in this study and its performance in the removal of mixed waste gases (containing α-pinene, n-butyl acetate and o-xylene) was investigated. According to the removal efficiency in the first 24h and the response to starvation, the optimal ratio of selected carriers (activated carbon, wheat bran and sawdust) was found to be 1:2:1. In some cases of storages, the removal capability of the microbial agent was more than twice that of the suspension. Microbial analysis showed that the inoculated bacterial and fungal strains dominated the agent preparation and utilization. These results indicated that the agent has potential for use in biopurification of mixed waste gas, favoring the reduction of environmental passives and longer retention of microbial activity.