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Variation in recombination rates across Vitis species

Lowe, Kristin M., Riaz, Summaira, Walker, M. Andrew
Tree genetics & genomes 2009 v.5 no.1 pp. 71-80
Vitis riparia, Vitis rupestris, Vitis vinifera, chromosome mapping, cultivars, disease resistance, genes, genetic background, grapes, parentage, parents, rootstocks
Recombination rate data are presented for three populations of grape based on framework genetic linkage maps developed with simple-sequence repeat markers. These linkage maps were constructed from different Vitis species and represent three genetic backgrounds. The first population is pure Vitis vinifera, derived from a cross of the European cultivars Riesling and Cabernet Sauvignon. The second is an interspecific cross between two commercially used rootstock cultivars of different North American Vitis species parentage, Ramsey (Vitis champinii) and Riparia Gloire (Vitis riparia). The third population, D8909-15 (Vitis rupestris x (Vitis arizonica/Vitis girdiana form)) x F8909-17 (V. rupestris x (V. arizonica/Vitis candicans form)), is an F1 from two half-sibs. Genome-wide and chromosome-wide recombination rates varied across the three populations and among the six Vitis parents. Global recombination rates in the parents of the third F1 population, with a complex Vitis background, were significantly reduced. In the first and third populations, the recombination rate was significantly greater in the male parent. Specific genome locations with frequent heterogeneity in recombination were identified, suggesting that recombination rates are not equal across the Vitis genome. The identification of regions with suppressed or high recombination will aid grape breeders and geneticists who rely on recombination events to introgress disease resistance genes from the genomes of wild Vitis species, develop fine-scale genetic maps, and clone disease resistance genes.