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Organotins in fish muscle and liver from the Polish coast of the Baltic Sea: Is the total ban successful?

Filipkowska, Anna, Złoch, Ilona, Wawrzyniak-Wydrowska, Brygida, Kowalewska, Grażyna
Marine pollution bulletin 2016 v.111 no.1-2 pp. 493-499
antifouling agents, basins, coasts, fish, liver, muscles, seafoods, tin, tissues, tributyltin, water pollution, Baltic Sea
Muscle and liver tissues of nine fish species were analyzed to assess butyltin and phenyltin contamination. The samples were collected from three basins located in the Southern Baltic Sea coastal zone that each represent different potential for organotin pollution. Maximum total concentrations of butyltin compounds (BTs) in the fish muscles and livers were 715 and 1132ng Sn g−1 d.w., respectively, whereas triphenyltin (TPhT) was not detected. In the muscle samples, the predominant compound in the sum of butyltins was tributyltin (TBT), while in the liver samples, tributyltin degradation products were found in the majority. The results demonstrate that 6–7years after the implementation of the total ban on harmful organotin use in antifouling paints, butyltins remain present in fishes from the Polish coast of the Baltic Sea. According to the HELCOM recommendation, eight samples exceeded the good environmental status boundary for tributyltin in seafood.