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Transformation and utilization of slowly biodegradable organic matters in biological sewage treatment of anaerobic anoxic oxic systems

Zhang, Q.H., Jin, P.K., Ngo, H.H., Shi, X., Guo, W.S., Yang, S.J., Wang, X.C., Wang, X., Dzakpasu, M., Yang, W.N., Yang, L.
Bioresource technology 2016 v.218 pp. 53-61
aerobic conditions, bioavailability, biodegradability, carbon, molecular weight, nitrogen, polysaccharides, proteins, sewage treatment, volatile fatty acids
This study examined the distribution of carbon sources in two anaerobic anoxic oxic (AAO) sewage treatment plants in Xi’an and investigated the transformation characteristics and utilization potential of slowly biodegradable organic matters (SBOM). Results indicated under anaerobic and aerobic conditions, SBOM could be transformed at a rate of 65% in 8h into more readily biologically utilizable substrates such as volatile fatty acids (VFAs), polysaccharides and proteins. Additionally, non-biodegradable humus-type substances which are difficult to biodegrade and readily accumulate, were also generated. These products could be further hydrolyzed to aldehyde and ketone compounds and then transformed into substances with significant oxygen-containing functional groups and utilized subsequently. The molecular weights of proteinoid substances had a wide distribution and tended to decrease over time. Long hours of microbial reaction increased the proportion of micromolecular substances. This particular increase generated significant bioavailability, which can greatly improve the efficiency of nitrogen removal.