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Effect of combined exposure to lead and decabromodiphenyl ether on neurodevelopment of zebrafish larvae

Zhu, Biran, Wang, Qiangwei, Shi, Xiongjie, Guo, Yongyong, Xu, Tao, Zhou, Bingsheng
Chemosphere 2016 v.144 pp. 1646-1654
DNA damage, Danio rerio, antioxidants, axons, bioaccumulation, cysteine, gene expression, larvae, lead, lipid peroxidation, locomotion, neurodevelopment, neurotoxicity, reactive oxygen species
The effect of combined exposure to decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) and lead (Pb) on neurodevelopment of zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae was investigated. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to Pb (0, 5, 10, 20 µg/L) and BDE-209 (0, 50, 100, 200 µg/L), either alone or in combination (Mix1: 5 + 50 µg/L, Mix2: 10 + 100 µg/L, Mix3: 20 + 200 µg/L) for up to 144 h post-fertilization. Growth of secondary motoneuron axons and expression of genes related to central nervous system development was significantly inhibited in Mix3 co-exposure group. A significant increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid peroxidation, DNA damage, and perturbation of the antioxidant system was detected in the Mix3 group compared to single-toxicant treatments or control. Depressed locomotor activity was recorded in the Mix2 and Mix3 groups. Addition of N-acetyl cysteine to Mix3 eliminated excessive ROS, and protected against lipid peroxidation, DNA damage, and locomotor dysfunction. Pb uptake was increased in the presence of BDE-209, but BDE-209 bioconcentration and the ability to metabolize BDE-209 were decreased in the presence of Pb. These results suggest that BDE-209 and Pb have a synergistic disruptive effect on neurodevelopment in zebrafish larvae by enhanced generation of ROS, which is a major factor that contributes to developmental neurotoxicity.