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Selective adsorption of lead on grafted and crosslinked chitosan nanoparticles prepared by using Pb2+ as template

Ge, Huacai, Hua, Tingting, Chen, Xiaodong
Journal of hazardous materials 2016 v.308 pp. 225-232
EDTA (chelating agent), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, adsorbents, adsorption, chitosan, crosslinking, effluents, heavy metals, lead, metal ions, models, nanoparticles, pH, polyacrylic acid, scanning electron microscopy, sorption isotherms, temperature
Poly(acrylic acid) grafted and glutaraldehyde-crosslinked chitosan nano adsorbent (PAACS) was synthesized by using Pb2+ as a template ion. The structure and morphology of PAACS were characterized by FT-IR, XRD, SEM and elemental analyses. The adsorption of PAACS for different heavy metal ions was compared and the effects of various variables for adsorption of Pb2+ were systematically studied. The results indicated that the PAACS was the aggregates of nanoparticles with the diameter of about 50–200nm and had selectivity for Pb2+ adsorption. The adsorption for Pb2+ showed a maximum adsorption capacity of 734.3mgg−1 at pH 5.0 and 303K, which was higher than in a study previously reported on ion-imprinted adsorbents. The adsorption followed the pseudo-second-order kinetics and Langmuir isotherm models. The adsorption was spontaneous and changed from chemical process into physical process when the temperature exceeded 303K. The adsorbent could be recycled with EDTA. Therefore, PAACS would be useful as a selective and high uptake nano adsorbent in the removal of Pb2+ from effluents.