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Identification of interacting proteins with aryl hydrocarbon receptor in scallop Chlamys farreri by yeast two hybrid screening

Cai, Yuefeng, Pan, Luqing, Miao, Jingjing, Liu, Tong
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2016
Azumapecten farreri, Toll-like receptor 4, actin, bioinformatics, cDNA libraries, calcium, collagen, complementary DNA, cytochrome b, drugs, ferritin, homeostasis, immune system, oxidative stress, plasmids, protein kinase C, protein synthesis, scallops, screening, stress response, tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, toxicity, transcription factors, two hybrid system techniques, xenobiotics
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) belongs to the basic-helix-loop helix (bHLH) Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) family of transcription factors. AhR has been known primarily for its role in the regulation of several drug and xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes, as well as the mediation of the toxicity of certain xenobiotics, including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Although the AhR is well-studied as a mediator of the toxicity of certain xenobiotics in marine bivalves, the normal physiological function remains unknown. In order to explore the function of the AhR, the bait protein expression plasmid pGBKT7-CfAhR and the cDNA library of gill from Chlamys farreri were constructed. By yeast two hybrid system, after multiple screening with the high screening rate medium, rotary verification, sequencing and bioinformatics analysis, the interactions of the CfAhR with receptor for activated protein kinase C 1 (RACK1), thyroid peroxidase-like protein (TPO), Toll-like receptor 4(TLR 4), androglobin-like, store-operated Ca2+ entry (SocE), ADP/ATP carrier protein, cytochrome b, thioesterase, actin, ferritin subunit 1, poly-ubiquitin, short-chain collagen C4-like and one hypothetical protein in gill cells were identified. This study suggests that the CfAhR played fundamental roles in immune system homeostasis, oxidative stress response, and in grow and development of C. farreri. The elucidation of these protein interactions is of much importance both in understanding the normal physiological function of AhR, and as potential targets for further research on protein function in AhR interactions.