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Case studies on the physical-chemical parameters' variation during three different purification approaches destined to treat wastewaters from food industry

Ghimpusan, Marieta, Nechifor, Gheorghe, Nechifor, Aurelia-Cristina, Dima, Stefan-Ovidiu, Passeri, Piero
Journal of environmental management 2017 v.203 pp. 811-816
activated sludge, aeration, ammonium compounds, bioreactors, case studies, chemical oxygen demand, food industry, food processing, laws and regulations, nitrates, nitrites, nitrogen, nitrogen content, nitrogen dioxide, ozonation, pH, phosphorus, purification methods, surfactants, wastewater, water management, water purification
The paper presents a set of three interconnected case studies on the depuration of food processing wastewaters by using aeration & ozonation and two types of hollow-fiber membrane bioreactor (MBR) approaches. A secondary and more extensive objective derived from the first one is to draw a clearer, broader frame on the variation of physical-chemical parameters during the purification of wastewaters from food industry through different operating modes with the aim of improving the management of water purification process. Chemical oxygen demand (COD), pH, mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS), total nitrogen, specific nitrogen (NH4⁺, NO2⁻, NO3⁻) total phosphorous, and total surfactants were the measured parameters, and their influence was discussed in order to establish the best operating mode to achieve the purification performances. The integrated air-ozone aeration process applied in the second operating mode lead to a COD decrease by up to 90%, compared to only 75% obtained in a conventional biological activated sludge process. The combined purification process of MBR and ozonation produced an additional COD decrease of 10–15%, and made the Total Surfactants values to comply to the specific legislation.