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Manufacture of probiotic Minas Frescal cheese with Lactobacillus casei Zhang

Dantas, Aline B., Jesus, Vitor F., Silva, Ramon, Almada, Carine N., Esmerino, E.A., Cappato, Leandro P., Silva, Marcia C., Raices, Renata S.L., Cavalcanti, Rodrigo N., Carvalho, Celio C., Sant’Ana, Anderson S., Bolini, Helena M.A., Freitas, Monica Q., Cruz, Adriano G.
Journal of dairy science 2016 v.99 no.1 pp. 18-30
Lactobacillus casei, acetic acid, acidification, bacteria, cheeses, coagulation, cold storage, color, consumer acceptance, flavor, lactic acid, manufacturing, pH, probiotics, proteolysis, rheology
In this study, the addition of Lactobacillus casei Zhang in the manufacture of Minas Frescal cheese was investigated. Minas Frescal cheeses supplemented with probiotic bacteria (Lactobacillus casei Zhang) were produced by enzymatic coagulation and direct acidification and were subjected to physicochemical (pH, proteolysis, lactic acid, and acetic acid), microbiological (probiotic and lactic bacteria counts), and rheological analyses (uniaxial compression and creep test), instrumental color determination (luminosity, yellow intensity, and red intensity) and sensory acceptance test. The addition of L. casei Zhang resulted in low pH values and high proteolysis indexes during storage (from 5.38 to 4.94 and 0.470 to 0.702, respectively). Additionally, the cheese protocol was not a hurdle for growth of L. casei Zhang, as the population reached 8.16 and 9.02 log cfu/g by means of the direct acidification and enzymatic coagulation protocol, respectively, after 21d of refrigerated storage. The rheology data showed that all samples presented a more viscous-like behavior, which rigidity tended to decrease during storage and lower luminosity values were also observed. Increased consumer acceptance was observed for the control sample produced by direct acidification (7.8), whereas the cheeses containing L. casei Zhang presented lower values for all sensory attributes, especially flavor and overall liking (5.37 and 4.61 for enzymatic coagulation and 5.57 and 4.72 for direct acidification, respectively). Overall, the addition of L. casei Zhang led to changes in all parameters and affected negatively the sensory acceptance. The optimization of L. casei Zhang dosage during the manufacturing of probiotic Minas Frescal cheese should be performed.