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Comparative activities of milk components in reversing chronic colitis

Kanwar, J.R., Kanwar, R.K., Stathopoulos, S., Haggarty, N.W., MacGibbon, A.K.H., Palmano, K.P., Roy, K., Rowan, A., Krissansen, G.W.
Journal of dairy science 2016 v.99 no.4 pp. 2488-2501
T-lymphocytes, angiogenesis, animal models, body weight, cattle, colitis, colostrum, conjugated linoleic acid, cytokines, dendritic cells, dextran, epithelium, immunomodulators, lactoferrin, mice, milk, milk fat, myeloperoxidase, natural killer cells, neutrophils, nitrous oxide, osteopontin, sulfates, therapeutics, whey protein, Australia
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a poorly understood chronic immune disorder for which there is no medical cure. Milk and colostrum are rich sources of bioactives with immunomodulatory properties. Here we compared the therapeutic effects of oral delivery of bovine milk-derived iron-saturated lactoferrin (Fe-bLF), angiogenin, osteopontin (OPN), colostrum whey protein, Modulen IBD (Nestle Healthsciences, Rhodes, Australia), and cis-9,trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-enriched milk fat in a mouse model of dextran sulfate-induced colitis. The CLA-enriched milk fat significantly increased mouse body weights after 24d of treatment, reduced epithelium damage, and downregulated the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and nitrous oxide. Modulen IBD most effectively decreased the clinical score at d 12, and Modulen IBD and OPN most effectively lowered the inflammatory score. Myeloperoxidase activity that denotes neutrophil infiltration was significantly lower in mice fed Modulen IBD, OPN, angiogenin, and Fe-bLF. A significant decrease in the numbers of T cells, natural killer cells, dendritic cells, and a significant decrease in cytokine expression were observed in mice fed the treatment diets compared with dextran sulfate administered mice. The Fe-bLF, CLA-enriched milk fat, and Modulen IBD inhibited intestinal angiogenesis. In summary, each of the milk components attenuated IBD in mice, but with differing effectiveness against specific disease parameters.