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Charge properties of peptides derived from casein affect their bioavailability and cytoprotection against H2O2-induced oxidative stress

Wang, Bo, Xie, Ningning, Li, Bo
Journal of dairy science 2016 v.99 no.4 pp. 2468-2479
absorption, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, bioavailability, casein, casein hydrolysates, catalase, cation exchange chromatography, cell viability, dietary supplements, digestion, functional foods, human cell lines, nitrogen content, oxidative stress, peptides, permeates, reactive oxygen species, subtilisin, superoxide dismutase
The effects of charge properties of casein peptides on absorption stability, antioxidant activity, and cytoprotection were evaluated. Alcalase hydrolysates of casein were separated into 4 fractions by cation-exchange chromatography according to charge properties. After simulated digestion and Caco-2 cell transmembrane transport, we determined the total antioxidant capacity (Trolox equivalent antioxidative capacity and oxygen radical antioxidant activity) and nitrogen content of peptide fractions to estimate available antioxidant efficacy and bioavailability (BA) of peptides. Results showed that negatively charged peptide fractions had greater BA and antioxidant activities after digestion and absorption. The peptide permeates were used to test the cytoprotective effect against H2O2-induced oxidative damage in HepG-2 cells. All peptide permeates increased cell viability, elevated catalase activity, and decreased superoxide dismutase activity. However, negatively charged peptide fractions preserved cell viability to a greater degree. Therefore, the negatively charged peptides from casein may be potential antioxidants and could be used as ingredients in functional foods and dietary supplements.