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Effect of high and low levels of maternally derived antibodies on porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection dynamics and production parameters in PCV2 vaccinated pigs under field conditions

Feng, Hua, Segalés, Joaquim, Fraile, Lorenzo, López-Soria, Sergio, Sibila, Marina
Vaccine 2016 v.34 no.27 pp. 3044-3050
Porcine circovirus-2, antibodies, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, farms, piglets, seroconversion, vaccination, vaccines, viral load, weight gain
The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of a porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) commercial vaccine in terms of average daily weight gain (ADWG) as well as infection dynamics in pigs with different maternally derived antibody (MDA) levels. A total of 337 animals from a PCV2 subclinically infected farm were distributed into two groups based on weight and PCV2 antibody levels (high [H] or low [L]) at 2 weeks of age. One week later, these animals were subdivided in four groups according to the treatment received. Vaccinated pigs (H-V and L-V) received 1mL of a commercial vaccine and NV (H-NV and L-NV) received 1mL of PBS. All piglets were subsequently bled at 7, 12, 18, 22 and 25 weeks of age and weighted at 12 and 25 weeks of age. V animals showed significantly lower PCV2 infection rates and viral load as well as higher ELISA S/P ratios and ADWG than NV ones. Compared with H-V piglets, L-V pigs showed numerically lower PCV2 infection rates, lower area under the curve of viral load, an earlier seroconversion and a numerically, but not significantly, higher ADWG. In this study, MDA did not seem to interfere with the effect of PCV2 vaccination on ADWG. However, only when a small subpopulation of pigs with the highest ELISA S/P ratios at vaccination was considered, an apparent interference of vaccine efficacy on ADWG was noticed. Therefore, the impact of the putative interference under field conditions is probably negligible for most farms.