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Behaviour of mesotrione in maize and soil system and its influence on soil dehydrogenase activity

Kaczynski, Piotr, Lozowicka, Bozena, Hrynko, Izabela, Wolejko, Elzbieta
The Science of the total environment 2016 v.571 pp. 1079-1088
corn, detection limit, equations, liquid chromatography, maximum residue limits, mesotrione, pH, pesticide application, soil, tandem mass spectrometry
The aim of this study was to investigate the dissipation of mesotrione and effect on dehydrogenase activity (DHA) in maize and soil system. The paper for the first time describes behaviour of this herbicide applied at various doses (separately or in mixture with other herbicide) in acidic and alkaline environment. The experiments were conducted using the method randomized blocks in four repetition cycles. Chemical application in seven variants at recommended doses of herbicide were performed. The sample preparation was performed by a modified QuEChERS method and the concentrations of mesotrione in maize and soil were determined by the liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The limit of detection was 0.0005mgkg−1 and quantification 0.001mgkg−1. The dissipation of mesotrione were described according to first-order (FO) kinetics equation with R2 were between 0.8794 and 0.9934. The initial deposit of herbicide in soil and maize was higher in an acidic environment (0.06–0.18mgkg−1). A positive correlation between an alkaline pH and the rate of dissipation in soil was observed. The results showed that the time after which 50% (DT50) of substance has been degraded was different for both plant and soil. DT50 for soil was within the range 3.2–6.0days and 2.9–4.4days, for the maize 3.9–4.8days and 3.4–4.5days in an alkaline and an acidic environment, respectively. Concentration of mesotrione at applicable MRL level of 0.05mgkg−1 in maize was achieved at 0.5–5.9days and at proposed MRL of 0.01mgkg−1 at 8.8–15.8days. The results indicate that the application of mesotrione affected on DHA in the soil. One day after application this herbicide, concentration of DHA in soil was lower than in control plots, but after 21days was observed trend of increasing DHA.