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A bicarbonate titration method for lime requirement to neutralize exchangeable acidity of pond bottom soils

Han, Yangxue, Boyd, Claude E., Viriyatum, Rawee
Aquaculture 2014 v.434 pp. 282-287
acidity, alkalinity, bicarbonates, calcium carbonate, lime requirement, neutralization, pH, ponds, potassium, soil, soil sampling, sulfuric acid, titration
The lime requirement of ponds can be determined by direct titration with standard sulfuric acid of the amount of alkalinity neutralized by the exchangeable acidity displaced from a bottom soil sample equilibrated with a solution of 1.0N in potassium ion and 0.04N in bicarbonate (2mg CaCO3 equivalent mL−1). This procedure, called the K-bicarbonate method here, provided precise estimates of lime requirement that were 9.6% to 27.2% (average=12.9%) greater than those obtained by the method currently recommended for use on pond soils. It is likely that the K-bicarbonate method neutralizes more of the exchangeable acidity in pond bottom soil samples than does the current method recommended for pond bottom soils and thereby provides a more reliable estimate of lime requirement. Moreover, the K-bicarbonate method does not require a hazardous chemical, a mechanical shaker, or a pH meter as does the current method for pond lime requirement. The cost per analysis also is cheaper by the K-bicarbonate method than with the method currently recommended for pond soils.