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Galactose-Based Amphiphilic Block Copolymers: Synthesis, Micellization, and Bioapplication
- Wang, Ying, Hong, Chun-Yan, Pan, Cai-Yuan
- Biomacromolecules 2013 v.14 no.5 pp. 1444-1451
- composite polymers, doxorubicin, galactose, gene transfer, glutathione, human cell lines, light scattering, micelles, polymerization, transmission electron microscopy
- Redox-responsive amphiphilic diblock copolymers, poly(6-O-methacryloyl-d-galactopyranose-co-2-(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl) methacrylate)-b-poly(pyridyl disulfide ethyl methylacrylate) (P(MAGP-co-DMAEMA)-b-PPDSMA) were obtained by deprotection of poly((6-O-methacryloyl-1,2:3,4-di-O-isopropylidene-d-galactopyranose)-co-DMAEMA)-b-PPDSMA [P(MAlpGP-co-DMAEMA)-b-PPDSMA], which were prepared via reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization of PDSMA using P(MAlpGP-co-DMAEMA) as macro-RAFT agent. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies showed that diblock copolymers P(MAGP-co-DMAEMA)-b-PPDSMA can self-assemble into micelles. Doxorubicin (DOX) could be encapsulated by P(MAGP-co-DMAEMA)-b-PPDSMA upon micellization and released upon adding glutathione (GSH) into the micelle solution. The galactose functional groups in the PMAGP block had specific interaction with HepG2 cells, and P(MAGP-co-DMAEMA)-b-PPDSMA can act as gene delivery vehicle. So, this kind of polymer has potential applications in hepatoma-targeting drug and gene delivery and biodetection.