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Durable and broad-spectrum disease protection measure against airborne phytopathogenic fungi by using the detachment action of gelatinolytic bacteria

Kitagawa, Hiroko, Shimoi, Saki, Inoue, Kanako, Park, Pyoyun, Ikeda, Kenichi
Biological control 2014 v.71 pp. 1-6
Alternaria alternata, Chryseobacterium, Colletotrichum orbiculare, adhesion, airborne pathogens, bacteria, barley, biological control, biological control agents, cucumbers, extracellular matrix, gelatin, host plants, leaves, mutants, pathotypes, pears, plant pathogenic fungi, soil
We had previously obtained collagenolytic/gelatinolytic bacteria, which degrade the fungal extracellular matrix, to establish a novel biological control measure that inhibits germling adhesion of airborne phytopathogenic fungi on the host plant surface. By using barley-Magnaporthe oryzae pathosystem, Chryseobacterium sp. was most effective biocontrol agents as tested. The selected bacteria were evaluated for durable disease protection against M. oryzae on barley leaves by using chloramphenicol-resistant mutants. Chryseobacterium sp. from the soil was less likely to settle on leaf surfaces. Therefore, we tried to manipulate Chryseobacterium sp. to inhabit the leaf’s surface. The gelatin supplementation dramatically improved the settlement of gelatinolytic bacteria Chryseobacterium sp. from the soil, and the disease protection effect lasted for more than 2weeks on barley. Moreover, exploitation of Chryseobacterium sp. for disease protection was extended against other airborne pathogens, Alternaria alternata Japanese pear pathotype on Japanese pear and Colletotrichum orbiculare on cucumber.