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Arthrobacter sp. lipase immobilization for improvement in stability and enantioselectivity

Chaubey, Asha, Parshad, Rajinder, Koul, Surrinder, Taneja, Subhash C., Qazi, Ghulam N.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2006 v.73 no.3 pp. 598-606
Arthrobacter, antidepressants, chemical bonding, enantiomers, ethanol, immobilized enzymes, pH, powders, silica, temperature, triacylglycerol lipase
Arthrobacter sp. lipase (ABL, MTCC no. 5125) is being recognized as an efficient enzyme for the resolution of drugs and their intermediates. The immobilization of ABL on various matrices for its enantioselectivity, stability, and reusability has been studied. Immobilization by covalent bonding on sepharose and silica afforded a maximum of 380 and 40 IU/g activity, respectively, whereas sol–gel entrapment provided a maximum of 150 IU/g activity in dry powder. The immobilized enzyme displayed excellent stability in the pH range of 4–10 and even at higher temperature, i.e., 50–60°C, compared to free enzyme, which is unstable under extreme conditions. The resolution of racemic auxiliaries like 1-phenyl ethanol and an intermediate of antidepressant drug fluoxetine, i.e., ethyl 3-hydroxy-3-phenylpropanoate alkyl acylates, provided exclusively R-(+) products (∼99% ee, E=646 and 473), compared to cell free extract/whole cells which gave a product with ∼96% ee (E=106 and 150). The repeated use (ten times) of covalently immobilized and entrapped ABL resulted in no loss in activity, thus demonstrating its prospects for commercial applications.