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Evaluation of quality changes of blueberry juice during refrigerated storage after high-pressure and pulsed electric fields processing
- Barba, F.J., Jäger, H., Meneses, N., Esteve, M.J., Frígola, A., Knorr, D.
- Innovative food science & emerging technologies 2012 v.14 pp. 18-24
- anthocyanins, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, ascorbic acid, beverages, blueberries, cold storage, color, electric field, food processing, fruit juices, high pressure treatment, new technology, phenolic compounds, pulsed electric fields, storage time
- A better knowledge of the effect of refrigerated storage on the nutritional and physicochemical characteristics of foods processed by emerging technologies with regard to unprocessed juices is necessary. Thus, blueberry juice was processed by high pressure (HP) (600MPa/42°C/5min) and pulsed electric fields (PEF) (36kV/cm, 100μs). The stability of physicochemical parameters, antioxidant compounds (ascorbic acid, total phenolics, total anthocyanins) and antioxidant capacity was studied just after treatment and during 56days at refrigerated storage at 4°C. Just after treatment, all treated blueberry juices showed a decrease lower than 5% in ascorbic acid content compared with the untreated one. At the end of refrigerated storage, unprocessed and PEF juices showed similar ascorbic acid losses (50%) in relation to untreated juice, although HP juices maintained better the ascorbic acid content during storage time (31% losses). All juices exhibited fluctuations in total phenolic values with a marked decrease after 7days in refrigerated storage, however prolonged storage of the juices at 4°C, up to 56days resulted in another in the total phenolic content for all juices in comparison with day 7. HP preserved antioxidant activity (21% losses) more than unprocessed (30%) and PEF (48%) juices after 56days at 4°C. Color changes (a*, b*, L, Chroma, hº and ΔE) were slightly noticeable after refrigerated storage for all juices. INDUSTRIAL RELEVANCE: Non-thermal technologies allow the acquisition of drinks that keep their characteristics similar to the fresh product. They must join second conservation treatment such as refrigerated storage. A better knowledge of the effect of refrigerated storage on the nutritional and physicochemical characteristics of foods processed by emerging technologies with regard to unprocessed juices is necessary.