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Effect and mechanism of the Ang-(1-7) on human mesangial cells injury induced by low density lipoprotein

Huang, Wenhan, Tang, Lin, Cai, Ying, Zheng, Yaning, Zhang, Ling
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2014 v.450 pp. 1051-1057
antagonists, binding proteins, cholesterol, humans, hyperlipidemia, kidney diseases, low density lipoprotein, peptidyl-dipeptidase A, risk factors, transforming growth factor beta 1
Hyperlipidemia is an independent risk factor for renal disease, and lipid deposition is associated with glomerulosclerosis. The angiotensin converting enzyme 2-angiotensin-(1-7)-Mas axis (ACE2-Ang-(1-7)-Mas axis) has been reported to participate in lipid metabolic regulation but its mechanism remains unclear. We hypothesized Ang-(1-7) would reduce lipid uptake in human mesangial cells (HMCs) by regulating the low density lipoprotein receptor–sterol regulatory element binding proteins 2–SREBP cleavage activating protein (LDLr–SREBP2–SCAP) negative feedback system, and improve glomerulosclerosis by regulating the transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). In this study we found that ACE2 was undetected in HMCs. The administration of LDL caused normal LDLr–SREBPs–SCAP negative feedback effect. Exogenous Ang-(1-7) enhanced this negative feedback effect via down-regulating LDLr, SREBP2, and SCAP expression, and effectively inhibited LDL-induced lipid deposition and cholesterol increases. This enhanced inhibitory effect was reversed by the Mas receptor antagonist A-779. Meanwhile, Ang-(1-7) significantly decreased the high LDL-induced production of TGF-β1, an effect blocked by A-779. Interestingly, HMCs treated with Ang-(1-7) alone activated the TGF-β1 expression. Our results suggested that Ang-(1-7) inhibits LDL accumulation and decreases cholesterol levels via modulating the LDLr–SREBPs–SCAP negative feedback system through the Mas receptor. Moreover, Ang-(1-7) exhibits a dual regulatory effect on TGF-β1 in HMCs.