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Orai-2 is localized on secretory granules and regulates antigen-evoked Ca2+ mobilization and exocytosis in mast cells
- Ikeya, Miho, Yamanoue, Kiyoshi, Mochizuki, Yuji, Konishi, Hirofumi, Tadokoro, Satoshi, Tanaka, Masahiko, Suzuki, Ryo, Hirashima, Naohide
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2014 v.451 pp. 62-67
- antigens, calcium, calcium channels, exocytosis, mast cells, secretion, secretory granules
- The increase in intracellular Ca2+ through the Ca2+ channel is an indispensable step for the secretion of inflammatory mediators by mast cells. It was recently reported that Orai-1 is responsible for the Ca2+ influx that is activated by depletion of stored Ca2+. There are three isoforms of Orai: Orai-1, Orai-2, and Orai-3; however, isoforms other than Orai-1 are poorly understood. We found that Orai-2 is expressed and localized on secretory granules in RBL-2H3. Ca2+ release from Ca2+ store, induced by antigen stimulation, was significantly attenuated by knockdown of Orai-2, while that induced by thapsigargin was not affected. Furthermore, exocytotic release induced by antigen stimulation was inhibited in knockdown cells. This observation suggests a new role of Orai isoforms in secretory cells.