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MicroRNA-26a modulates transforming growth factor beta-1-induced proliferation in human fetal lung fibroblasts

Author:
Li, Xiaoou, Liu, Lian, Shen, Yongchun, Wang, Tao, Chen, Lei, Xu, Dan, Wen, Fuqiang
Source:
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2014 v.454 pp. 512-517
ISSN:
0006-291X
Subject:
apoptosis, cell proliferation, cyclins, fibroblasts, fibrosis, humans, messenger RNA, microRNA, phase transition, protein synthesis, transforming growth factor beta 1, transforming growth factor beta 2
Abstract:
MicroRNA-26a is a newly discovered microRNA that has a strong anti-tumorigenic capacity and is capable of suppressing cell proliferation and activating tumor-specific apoptosis. However, whether miR-26a can inhibit the over-growth of lung fibroblasts remains unclear. The relationship between miR-26a and lung fibrosis was explored in the current study. We first investigated the effect of miR-26a on the proliferative activity of human lung fibroblasts with or without TGF-beta1 treatment. We found that the inhibition of endogenous miR-26a promoted proliferation and restoration of mature miR-26a inhibited the proliferation of human lung fibroblasts. We also examined that miR-26a can block the G1/S phase transition via directly targeting 3′-UTR of CCND2, degrading mRNA and decreasing protein expression of Cyclin D2. Furthermore, we showed that miR-26a mediated a TGF-beta 2-TGF-beta 1 feedback loop and inhibited TGF-beta R I activation. In addition, the overexpression of miR-26a also significantly suppressed the TGF-beta 1-interacting-CTGF–collagen fibrotic pathway. In summary, our studies indicated an essential role of miR-26a in the anti-fibrotic mechanism in TGF-beta1-induced proliferation in human lung fibroblasts, by directly targeting Cyclin D2, regulating TGF-beta R I as well as TGF-beta 2, and suggested the therapeutic potential of miR-26a in ameliorating lung fibrosis.
Agid:
5330947