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Glucose-induced glutathione reduction in mitochondria is involved in the first phase of pancreatic β-cell insulin secretion
- Liu, Xiaojing, Han, Shuai, Yang, Ying, Kang, Jiuhong, Wu, Jiarui
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2015 v.464 pp. 730-736
- glucose, glutathione, insulin secretion, islets of Langerhans, mitochondria, rats
- Glucose can acutely reduce mitochondrial glutathione redox state in rat islets. However, whether glucose-stimulated mitochondrial glutathione redox state relates to glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) remains unknown. We used genetically encoded redox-sensitive GFPs to target the mitochondria to monitor glutathione redox changes during GSIS in rat pancreatic β-cells. The results showed that mitochondrial glutathione was more reduced during GSIS, whereas inhibition of this glutathione reduction impaired insulin secretion. In isolated rat pancreatic islets glutathione reduction in mitochondria and the first phase of GSIS were concurrence at the early stage of glucose-stimulation. Our results suggest that the glucose-induced glutathione reduction in mitochondria is primarily required for the first phase of GSIS.