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LXR ligands sensitize EGFR-TKI-resistant human lung cancer cells in vitro by inhibiting Akt activation

Wu, Ying, Yu, Dan-dan, Hu, Yong, Cao, Hai-xia, Yu, Shao-rong, Liu, Si-wen, Feng, Ji-feng
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2015 v.467 pp. 900-905
adenocarcinoma, cytotoxicity, epidermal growth factor receptors, gene amplification, humans, ligands, liver, lung neoplasms, mutation, neoplasm cells, tyrosine
Lung adenocarcinoma cells harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are sensitive to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Prolonged cancer treatment will induce the development of acquired resistance to EGFR TKI. Here we investigate the effects of two novel liver x receptor (LXR) ligands (T0901317 or GW3965) on the development of acquired resistance to an EGFR TKI gefitinib. We observed known mechanisms of acquired resistance to EGFR TKI, including the EGFR T790M mutation, MET gene amplification and loss of PTEN in the gefitinib-resistant HCC827-8-1 cells. However, we found expression of MET was lower in HCC827-8-1 cells than in HCC827 cells. T0901317 or GW3965 inhibited Akt activation and sensitized HCC827-8-1 cells to gefitinib-induced cytotoxicity. In contrast, LXR ligands alone had no significant effect on HCC827-8-1 cells. In conclusion, this combined treatment may be of interest for treatment of lung adenocarcinomas harboring EGFR mutations and acquired resistance to gefitinib.