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Diamide accelerates opening of the Tl+-induced permeability transition pore in Ca2+-loaded rat liver mitochondria

Korotkov, Sergey M., Konovalova, Svetlana A., Brailovskaya, Irina V.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2015 v.468 pp. 360-364
adenine, adenosine diphosphate, calcium, cyclosporine, glutathione, liver, membrane potential, mitochondria, oxidants, permeability, rats
Opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) in the inner membrane is due to matrix Ca2+ overload and matrix glutathione loss. Fixing the ‘m’ conformation of the adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) by ADP or N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) inhibits opening of the MPTP. Oxidants (diamide or tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBHP)) fix the ANT in ‘c’ conformation, and the ability of ADP to inhibit the MPTP is thus attenuated. Earlier we found (Korotkov and Saris, 2011) that calcium load of rat liver mitochondria resulted in Tl+-induced MPTP opening, which was accompanied by a decrease in state 3, state 4, and 2,4-dinitrophenol-uncoupled respiration, as well as increased swelling and membrane potential dissipation. These effects, which were increased by diamide and tBHP, were visibly reduced in the presence of the MPTP inhibitors (ADP, NEM, and cyclosporine A). Our data suggest that conformational changes of the ANT and matrix glutathione loss may be directly involved in opening the Tl+-induced MPTP in the inner membrane of Ca2+-loaded rat liver mitochondria.