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Effect of ethanol treatment on disease resistance against anthracnose rot in postharvest loquat fruit
- Wang, Kaituo, Cao, Shifeng, Di, Yaqiong, Liao, Yunxia, Zheng, Yonghua
- Scientia horticulturae 2015 v.188 pp. 115-121
- Colletotrichum acutatum, anthracnose, antifungal properties, ascorbate peroxidase, beta-glucanase, catalase, catechol oxidase, chitinase, disease resistance, ethanol, hydrogen peroxide, loquats, mycelium, pathogens, peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, postharvest diseases, spore germination, superoxide dismutase
- The effect of ethanol treatment on disease resistance against anthracnose rot in postharvest loquat fruit and its possible mechanism were investigated. Our data implied that treatment of loquat fruit with ethanol at 300μl/l significantly inhibited the anthracnose rot caused by Colletotrichum acutatum and maintained the overall quality. Ethanol treatment suppressed activities of catalase and ascorbate peroxidase while increased superoxide dismutase activity in C. acutatum-inoculated loquat fruit, thus resulting in a higher level of H2O2, which might serve as a crucial role to activate disease resistance. Meanwhile, the activities of defense-related enzymes including phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase were significantly enhanced by the ethanol treatment. In addition, 300μl/l ethanol exhibited an effective antifungal activity against spore germination and mycelial growth of C. acutatum in vitro. Therefore, these results suggest that ethanol can inhibit anthracnose rot in postharvest loquat fruit, possibly via inhibiting pathogen growth directly and inducing disease resistance indirectly.