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Ontogeny of the immune system in Acipenserid juveniles

Gradil, Ana M., Wright, Glenda M., Wadowska, Dorota W., Fast, Mark D.
Developmental and comparative immunology 2014 v.44 no.2 pp. 303-314
Acipenser oxyrinchus, aquaculture, farming systems, hatching, immunocompetence, juveniles, larvae, mortality, ontogeny, spleen, sturgeon, thymus gland, transmission electron microscopy
Sturgeon aquaculture has increased considerably worldwide but little is known about their immunological development and competence in early life stages. Culture of larvae is one of the most critical stages in intensive sturgeon farming, often associated with high mortality rates. The objective of this study was to characterize the developmental morphology (light and transmission electron microscopy, LM and TEM) of the meningeal myeloid tissue, spleen and thymus in Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus) from hatching until 5months old (2895°C·day(dd)). The spleen was first visible on 541dd larvae LM sections and the other two immune organs in 768dd samples (approximately 400 and 600dd after onset of feeding). Generally, younger fish had significantly higher percentages of undifferentiated cells (meningeal myeloid tissue and spleen) and effective adaptive immune competence would not be expected in these fish on the onset of feeding, but further functional immune assessment is needed.