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DNA methylation is associated with expression level changes of galectin gene in mantle wound healing process of pearl oyster, Pinctada fucata

Li, Yaoguo, Huang, Xiande, Guan, Yunyan, Shi, Yu, Zhang, Hua, He, Maoxian
Fish & shellfish immunology 2015 v.45 no.2 pp. 912-918
DNA methylation, Pinctada fucata, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, immune response, innate immunity, messenger RNA, oysters, promoter regions, proteins, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, tissue repair, tissues
Galectin is one important member of pattern recognition proteins that plays a pivotal role in regulating innate immune response of invertebrates. In this study, we cloned the promoter sequence of a tandem-repeat galectin from the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata (P. fucata). The quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that galectin mRNA expression in mantle tissues were firstly up-regulated from time points of 2 h–24 h, and then down-regulated from time points of 24 h–168 h after mantle injury. The genome methylation level of mantle tissue was inversely related to galectin mRNA expression (Pearson correlation: −0.554, P: 0.154). The “CpG4-6” methylation level in promoter region of galectin was significant positive correlated with the mRNA expression (Pearson correlation: 0.313, P: 0.049). The results indicated that galectin gene may be involved in immune response in mantle wound healing process of P. fucata, and DNA methylation may be a regulation factor of gene expression.