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Effect of heating whey proteins in the presence of milk fat globule membrane extract or phospholipids from buttermilk

Saffon, Maxime, Jiménez-Flores, Rafael, Britten, Michel, Pouliot, Yves
International dairy journal 2015 v.48 pp. 60-65
buttermilk, gel electrophoresis, heat, microscopy, milk fat, pH, phospholipids, protein aggregates, temperature, thin layer chromatography, whey protein
The objective of this study was to determine the contribution of phospholipids from buttermilk as a nucleus in the heat-induced aggregation of whey proteins. Solutions of whey proteins (5%, w/v) were adjusted to pH 4.6 or 6.8 and then heated at 65 or 80 °C for 25 min with or without 1% (w/v) of milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) extract or phospholipid powder. The aggregation mechanisms were characterised using analysis with Ellman's reagent, one-dimensional gel electrophoresis, thin-layer chromatography, and three-dimensional confocal laser-scanning microscopy. Three-dimensional images showed protein/phospholipid interactions in the presence of MFGM extract or phospholipids, and thin-layer chromatography plates showed no trace of free phospholipids after 20 min at pH 4.6. Overall, the results demonstrate that phospholipids from buttermilk were involved in the formation of protein aggregates through the MFGM fragments at a low temperature, whereas phospholipids could interact directly with the proteins at a higher temperature (80 °C).