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Comparison of Renal Biomarkers with Glomerular Filtration Rate in Susceptibility to the Detection of Gentamicin-Induced Acute Kidney Injury in Dogs

Sasaki, A., Sasaki, Y., Iwama, R., Shimamura, S., Yabe, K., Takasuna, K., Ichijo, T., Furuhama, K., Satoh, H.
Journal of comparative pathology 2014 v.151 no.2-3 pp. 264-270
Beagle, biomarkers, blood serum, creatinine, dogs, epithelium, equations, gentamicin, glomerular filtration rate, kidneys, necrosis, subcutaneous injection, urea nitrogen
Fourteen renal biomarkers were compared with measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in detecting acute kidney injury (AKI) in beagle dogs given gentamicin (40 mg/kg/day by subcutaneous injection) for 7 consecutive days. Serum and urinary biomarkers were measured before administration of gentamicin and then on days 4 and 8 after starting administration. GFR was derived by use of a simplified equation. Increased urinary cystatin C and decreased GFR occurred from day 4 and were detected before increases in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine concentrations and changes in other urinary parameters. The closest correlation was between urinary cystatin C and GFR. At termination, microscopical examination revealed extensive necrosis of proximal tubular epithelium with hyaline casts in the kidney of treated dogs. These data indicate that urinary cystatin C is the most sensitive index of kidney injury and GFR reflects the kidney functional mass.