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Permanent dual chamber epicardial pacemaker implantation in two dogs with complete atrioventricular block
- Weder, Christian, Monnet, Eric, Ames, Marisa, Bright, Janice
- Journal of veterinary cardiology 2015 v.17 no.2 pp. 154-160
- chylothorax, dogs, lead, surgery
- Between November 2013 and December 2013, two dogs with complete atrioventricular (AV) block had a permanent, dual chamber epicardial pacing system implanted. Steroid-eluting unipolar, button-type epicardial leadsa were sutured to the right atrial appendage and right ventricular wall via a right thoracotomy in both dogs. The pacemakers were programmed in VDD mode. Permanent dual chamber epicardial pacemaker implantation was successful in both dogs with no intra-operative complications. One dog had an acute onset of neurologic signs two days post-operatively that resolved within 24 h. Both dogs have had complete resolution of the clinical signs related to the bradyarrhythmia, and one dog has had complete resolution of chylothorax. One dog had a major lead complication characterized by intermittent loss of capture that resolved by increasing the pacemaker output. Based on the outcome of these two cases, implantation of permanent dual chamber epicardial pacing systems is possible in dogs providing an alternative to dual chamber transvenous systems.