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The effect of dietary alfalfa and flax sprouts on rabbit meat antioxidant content, lipid oxidation and fatty acid composition

Dal Bosco, A., Castellini, C., Martino, M., Mattioli, S., Marconi, O., Sileoni, V., Ruggeri, S., Tei, F., Benincasa, P.
Meat science 2015 v.106 pp. 31-37
alfalfa, alpha-linolenic acid, antioxidants, beta oxidation, dietary supplements, fatty acid composition, flax, lipid content, lipid peroxidation, longissimus muscle, omega-3 fatty acids, phytopharmaceuticals, rabbit meat, rabbits
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of dietary supplementation with flax and alfalfa sprouts on fatty acid, tocopherol and phytochemical contents of rabbit meat. Ninety weaned New Zealand White rabbits were assigned to three dietary groups: standard diet (S); standard diet+20g/d of alfalfa sprouts (A); and standard diet+20g/d of flax sprouts (F). In the F rabbits the Longissimus dorsi muscle showed a higher thio-barbituric acid-reactive value and at the same time significantly higher values of alpha-linolenic acid, total polyunsaturated and n-3 fatty acids. Additionally n-3/n-6 ratio and thrombogenic indices were improved. The meat of A rabbits showed intermediate values of the previously reported examined parameters. Dietary supplementation with sprouts produced meat with a higher total phytoestrogen content.The addition of fresh alfalfa and flax sprouts to commercial feed modified the fat content, fatty acid and phytochemical profile of the meat, but the flax ones worsened the oxidative status of meat.